Among the kinds of social gestures most significant for second language teachers, are those which are identical in form, but different in meaning in the two cultures. For example, a Columbian who wants someone to approach him often signals with a hand movement, in which all the fingers of one hand cupped point downward as they move rapidly back and forth. Speakers of English have a similar gesture, though the hand may not be cupped and the fingers may be held more loosely. But for them, the gesture means "goodbye" or "go away", quite the opposite of the Columbian gesture. Again in Columbia, a speaker of English would have to know that when he indicates height, he must choose between different gestures depending on whether he is referring to a human being or an animal. If he keeps the palm of the hand parallel to the floor, as he would in his own culture when making known the height of a child for example, he will very likely be greeted by laughter. In Columbia, this gesture is reserved for the description of animals. In order to describe human beings, he should keep the palm of his hand at a right angle to the floor. Substitutions of one gesture for the other often create not only humorous but also embarrassing moments. In both of the examples above, speakers from two different cultures have the same gesture physically, but its meaning differs sharply。
Most American college students need to be efficient readers. This is necessary because full-time students probably have to read several hundred pages every week. They don't have time to read a chapter three or four times. They need to extract as much information as possible from the first or second reading。
1. B .Use a ladder to help her reach the tea。
An extraordinarily important study skill is knowing how to mark a book. Students mark the main ideas and important details with a pen or pencil, yellow or blue or orange. Some students mark new vocabulary in a different color. Most students write questions or short notes in the margins. Marking a book is a useful skill, but it's important to do it right. First, read a chapter with one pen in your hand and others next to you on the desk. Second, read a whole paragraph before you mark anything. Don't mark too much. Usually you will mark about 10% of a passage. Third, decide on your own system for marking. For example, maybe you will mark main ideas in yellow, important details in blue and new words in orange. Maybe you will put question marks in the margin when you don't understand something and before an exam. Instead, you just need to review your marks and you can save a lot of time。
点评：事实细节题，主要听男士的意见Why don’t you use the ladder. strain v。表示拉伸，扭伤 strain your shoulder 拉伤肩膀
16. What should American college students do to cope with their heavy reading assignments?
2. D. Outside an art gallery。
17. What suggestion does the speaker give about marking a textbook?
18. How should students prepare for an exam according to the speaker?
3. B. She does not quite agree with what the man said。
evaluation n. 表示评估价值 ；an unfair evaluation 有失公正的评价；
4. C. Doris fixed up some of the book shelves。
点评：推理判断题，从男士的“I got Doris to do some of them。”推断出答案。
5. D. He has found a better position。
点评：事实细节题，主要听男生的陈述 “I’ve been offered a much better position with another firm”
6. A. They should finish the work as soon as possible。
点评：推理判断题，从男士的“But I think we should get it over with this weekend”可以得出。
7. D. The furniture the man bought is inexpensive。
dirt cheap 表示非常便宜。furnish v. 表示布置；陈设 n. furniture 家具。