Part III Reading Comprehension (40 minutes)
The thought of having no sleep for 24 hours or more isn't a pleasant one for most people. The amount of sleep that each person needs varies. In general, each of us needs about 8 hours of sleep each day to keep us healthy and happy. Some people, however, can get by with just a few hours of sleep at night。
It doesn't matter when or how much a person sleeps. But everyone needs some rest to stay alive. Few doctors would have thought that there might be an exception to this. Sleep is, after all, a very basic need. But a man named Al Herpin turned out to be a real exception, for supposedly, he never slept!
Al Herpin was 90 years old when doctors came to his home in New Jersy. They hoped to challenge the claim that he never slept. But they were surprised. Though they watched him every hour of the day, they never saw Herpin sleeping. He did not even own a bed. He never needed one。
In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to selectone word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank followingthe passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 witha single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bankmore than once。
The closest that Herpin came to resting was to sit in a rocking chair and read a half dozen newspapers. His doctors were puzzled by the strange case of permanent sleeplessness. Herpin offered the only clue to his condition. He remembered some talk about his mother having been injured several days before he had been born. Herpin died at the age of 94, never, it seems, having slept at all。
Questions 36 to 45 are based onthe following passage。
19. What is taken for granted by most people?
The fact is, the world has beenfinding less oil than it has been using for more than twenty years now. Notonly has demand been __36__, but the oil we have been finding is coming fromplaces that are __37__ to reach. At the same time, more of this newly __38__oil is of the type that requires a greater investment to __39__. And becausedemand for this precious resource will grow, according to some, by over 40percent by 2025, fueling the world’s economic __40__ will take a lot moreenergy from every possible source。
20. What do doctors think of Al Herpin's case?
The energy industry needs to getmore from existing fields while continuing to search for new __41__. Automakersmust continue to improve fuel efficiency and perfect hybrid(混合动力的)vehicles. Technologicalimprovements are needed so that wind, solar and hydrogen can be more __42__parts of the energy equation. Governments need to formulate energy policiesthat promote __43__ and environmentally sound development. Consumers must bewilling to pay for some of these solutions, while practicing conservationefforts of their own。
21. What could have accounted for Al Herpin's sleeplessness?
Inaction is not an __44__. Solet’s work together to balance this equation. We are taking some of the __45__needed to get started, but we need your help to go the rest of the way。