2014年6月英语四级试题听力短文二,大阪强震中一
分类:考试

  8日,日本大阪发生6.1级地震。虽然震级不算很大,但由于震源很浅,最高震度却达到6弱(大致相当于烈度10度)。此次地震房屋受损不大,检验了日本建筑的抗震高标准;地震人员伤亡和财产损失相对较小,也与日本重视地震预防和预警分不开。

  2014年6月14日全国大学英语四级考试已结束,本次考试为多题多卷,新浪外语第一时间收集整理不同版本试题及参考答案,供考生参考,以下是2014年6月英语四级听力短文二(沪江版):

  大学英语四级考试在2014年6月14日上午已经结束了,文都教育第一时间为大家整理了四级考试选词填空题原文及答案,供参考。

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  Passage Two

  Part III               Reading Comprehension              (40 minutes)

  在一次地震中,震级只有一个确定数值,震度却因地而异,离震中越近,震源越浅,震度越大。不同国家震度分级方式不同。日本气象厅设定震度由弱到强分别为0至4、5弱、5强、6弱、6强以及7,共10个等级,而中国地震烈度从1度到12度分为12级。

  The thought of having no sleep for 24 hours or more isn't a pleasant one for most people. The amount of sleep that each person needs varies. In general, each of us needs about 8 hours of sleep each day to keep us healthy and happy. Some people, however, can get by with just a few hours of sleep at night。

  Section A

  东京大学地震研究所王宇晨介绍,此次大阪地震的最高震度6弱大致相当于我国地震烈度等级中的10度。大阪地震震级虽然只有6.1级,但由于震源深度只有13公里,对地表的破坏力却不小,电视台播放的监控显示地表持续剧烈晃动。

  It doesn't matter when or how much a person sleeps. But everyone needs some rest to stay alive. Few doctors would have thought that there might be an exception to this. Sleep is, after all, a very basic need. But a man named Al Herpin turned out to be a real exception, for supposedly, he never slept!

  Directions:

  截至目前,地震共导致5人死亡,300多人受伤,部分建筑物受损,数栋民宅起火等,人员伤亡和财产损失相对较小。死者大多因砖墙倒塌或家具倾倒而遇难,其中一名小学生是在上学途中被学校的砖墙砸中遇难,已查明这个从1.9米加高到3.5米的砖墙违反了日本《建筑基准法》(限高2.2米),大阪府高槻市市长已出面谢罪,日本文部科学省已要求各地对中小学生的上学通路等进行安全检查。

  Al Herpin was 90 years old when doctors came to his home in New Jersy. They hoped to challenge the claim that he never slept. But they were surprised. Though they watched him every hour of the day, they never saw Herpin sleeping. He did not even own a bed. He never needed one。

  In this section, there is a passage with ten blanks. You are required to selectone word for each blank from a list of choices given in a word bank followingthe passage. Read the passage through carefully before making your choices.Each choice in the bank is identified by a letter. Please mark thecorresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 witha single line through the centre. You may not use any of the words in the bankmore than once。

  “地震大国”日本一向重视地震预防和预警。《建筑基准法》是日本建筑业最核心的法律,对建筑物抗震性能要求较高,符合抗震标准的建筑在地震时不易倒塌。日本《建筑基准法》颁布于1950年,之后几经修改,不断严格规定建筑抗震标准。1981年日本大幅修改抗震标准,将住宅抗震等级从旧标准的震度5左右不倒提高到震度6强至震度7不倒。1981年后日本也多次修订《建筑基准法》,不断细化抗震指标和提高建筑抗震标准,并要求对老旧建筑进行抗震加固。

  The closest that Herpin came to resting was to sit in a rocking chair and read a half dozen newspapers. His doctors were puzzled by the strange case of permanent sleeplessness. Herpin offered the only clue to his condition. He remembered some talk about his mother having been injured several days before he had been born. Herpin died at the age of 94, never, it seems, having slept at all。

  Questions 36 to 45 are based onthe following passage。

  日本在地震预警方面也很先进,已建立了完善的预警体系。全国各地密布的地震监测仪器组成一个网络,一旦地震发生,可利用地震波横波与纵波时间差的传播特点快速发出预警,民众可通过手机等终端接收预警信息,在地震袭来前争取到数秒至数十秒的反应时间。新干线在收到地震预警时可提前减速停车,工厂等可采取应急手段,减少或避免发生事故。由于地震多发,为避免不必要的惊扰,记者将手机接收地震预警的震级设置为震度4以上,只有本人所在地出现震度4以上的地震时手机才会预警。

  19. What is taken for granted by most people?

  The fact is, the world has beenfinding less oil than it has been using for more than twenty years now. Notonly has demand been __36__, but the oil we have been finding is coming fromplaces that are __37__ to reach. At the same time, more of this newly __38__oil is of the type that requires a greater investment to __39__. And becausedemand for this precious resource will grow, according to some, by over 40percent by 2025, fueling the world’s economic __40__ will take a lot moreenergy from every possible source。

  此外,日本注重培养民众的地震预防安全意识,学校经常举行抗震防灾演习,告诉学生发生地震、火灾后的自救措施,这对地震后的应急处置很有帮助。但即使在抗震防灾意识很强的日本,此次地震依然有一名小学生死于本可避免的违法砖墙倒塌,这一新闻让日本民众愤恨不已,也暴露出日本防震减灾方面依然存在薄弱点和盲区。日本的防震经验表明,处于地震带上的国家不但要加强建筑物的抗震标准和防震演练,还应加强民众的防灾意识和日常防灾训练。

  20. What do doctors think of Al Herpin's case?

  The energy industry needs to getmore from existing fields while continuing to search for new __41__. Automakersmust continue to improve fuel efficiency and perfect hybrid(混合动力的)vehicles. Technologicalimprovements are needed so that wind, solar and hydrogen can be more __42__parts of the energy equation. Governments need to formulate energy policiesthat promote __43__ and environmentally sound development. Consumers must bewilling to pay for some of these solutions, while practicing conservationefforts of their own。

  (原题为《新闻分析:日本大阪地震考验抗震建筑高标准》)

  21. What could have accounted for Al Herpin's sleeplessness?

  Inaction is not an __44__. Solet’s work together to balance this equation. We are taking some of the __45__needed to get started, but we need your help to go the rest of the way。

 责任编辑:赵润琰-WYX

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

  A) consequently

  B) cultivate

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